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The aroma of Roman Chamomile is sweet and subtly fruity, like apples.
Common Name: Chamomile, Roman
Plant Part: Flower
Form: Essential Oil
Family: Asteraceae (Compositae)
Synonyms: Anthemis nobilis L., English chamomile, dog fennel, sweet chamomile.
Origin: Native to Southern and Western Europe northwards to northern Ireland. Naturalized and very common in North America. It's now extensively cultivated in England, Hungary, United States, Italy, France and Argentina.
Botanical Description: A tall more or less hairy perennial, decumbent herb up to 30-cm (15 in) high. The gray-green leaves are oblong, stalkless, deeply lobed two or three times, linear with a tooth-like tip. Flowers are large yellow and white daisies. The fruits are about 1 mm long. The plant has a fruity aroma reminiscent of banana and apples when crushed. The base of the flower head is not hollow but solid.
Method of Extraction: Essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of flowers heads. The oil is yellow to greenish-yellow, pale blue mobile liquid. Yield 0.3-1%.
Aroma Profile: Roman Chamomile has a sweet and herbaceous top note. The middle note is sweet with a fruity and warm, tea-like undertone. The dry out note is sweet, dry and herbaceous but not tenacious.
Major Constituents: Isobutyl angelate, methylamyl angelate, 3-methyl amyl isovalerate, isoamyl angelate, methylallyl angelate, 3-methyl amyl isobutyrate.
Common Adulterants: Rarely adulterated.
Regulatory Status: GRAS 182.20
Aroma Benefits: relaxing
Blends Well With: Bergamot, clary sage, jasmine, neroli, geranium, rose, lavender
Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant. Fairly mild allergen and skin irritant for some individuals.
Directories: Essential Oils
Description: The aroma of Roman Chamomile is sweet and subtly fruity, like apples.