Botanical Name: Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L. M. Perry
Synonyms: Caryophyllus aromaticus L.; Eugenia aromatica (L.) Baill.; Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb.; Eugenia caryophyllus (C. Spreng) Bull. & Hart., lavanga
Origin: Native to tropical Asia. Now cultivated worldwide, especially Madagascar, Philippines. Traditionally cultivated in Tanzania, Madagascar and East African Islands. The major oil-producing countries are Madagascar and Indonesia.
Botanical Description: An evergreen tropical tree that grows up to 12-meter (40 ft) high. Has large glossy green leaves and small white flowers with numerous prominent stamens. The buds appear as rosy-pink corolla; as the corolla fades the calyx turns red.
Oil Extraction: Essential oil is obtained by water distillation of the buds. The oil is pale yellow to amber brown mobile liquid. Yield 15 to 20%.
Aroma Profile: The top note is a fruity-fresh acetic odor. The body note is typical of eugenol clove note supported and sweetened by the elements of the top-note. The dry-out is a lingering, dry, sweet-spicy note.
Major Constituents:Eugenol (70 to 80%), β-caryophyllene (2 to 7%), eugenyl acetate (8 to 15%).
Adulterants: Clove stem oil, clove leaf oil.
Regulatory Status: GRAS 182.20.
Aromatherapy: Clove bud essential oil is warming, sense-enhancing.
Blends well with: Rose, vanilla, lavender, bergamot, clary sage, bay leaf, lavandin, allspice, ylang ylang.
Safety Data: Mildly toxic by skin contact. Avoid during pregnancy.