Botanical Name: Pimenta racemosa (Miller) J. W. Moore
Synonyms: Pimenta acris Kostel ; Myrcia acris ; Myrcia oil; bay leaf oil; bay rum tree; bay berry; wild cinnamon.
Origin: Native to the West Indies. It's grown in St. Thomas, Puerto Rico, and throughout the Caribbean Islands, where it's cultivated for extractive purposes.
Botanical Description: A small wild-growing evergreen tree with large leathery leaves and aromatic fruits. It grows up to 8-meters (26 ft) high.
Oil Extraction: Essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the leaves. The oil is a yellow mobile liquid. Yield 0.75 to 1.5%.
Aroma Profile: Has a fresh-spicy top note, with a rich sweet-balsamic undertone. Faintly sweet-balsamic dry out.
Major Constituents: eugenol (about 55%), myrcene, chavicol.
Adulterants: Clove oil and its fractions.
Regulatory Status: GRAS 182.20.
Aromatherapy: Bay essential oil is relaxing and warming.
Blends well with: Lavender, lavandin, rosemary, geranium, citrus oils, ylang ylang.
Safety Data: Moderately toxic. Avoid during pregnancy.